Elective Orthopaedic Surgery.
Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (alternatively spelled orthopaedic surgery and orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.
Orthopedic Sports Medicine is a subspecialty of orthopedic medicine and sports medicine. The word orthopaedic derives from “ortho” which is the Greek root for “straight” and “pais” which is the Greek root for child. During the early history of orthopaedic medicine, orthopaedists used braces, among other things, to make a child “straight.” Today, orthopaedists are making people of all ages “straight,” including athletes from all different kinds of sports. Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising. They can result from accidents, poor training technique in practice, inadequate equipment, and overuse of a particular body part. In the United States there are about 30 million teenagers and children alone that participate in some form of organized sport. About 3 million avid sports competitors 14 years of age and under experience sports injuries annually, which causes some loss of time of participation in the sport. They can result from accidents, poor training technique in practice, inadequate equipment, and overuse of a particular body part.
Traumatic injuries can include:
Contusion or bruise – damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues.
Strain – trauma to a muscle due to overstretching and tearing of muscle fibers
Sprain – an injury in a joint, caused by the ligament being stretched beyond its own capacity
Wound – abrasion or puncture of the skin
Bone fracture – break(s) in the bone
Head injury – concussions or serious brain damage
Spinal cord injury – damage to the central nervous system or spine
Cramp-a strong muscle contraction that can be very painful lasting in few minutes but massaging the muscles can relieve the pain